Hierve el Agua Tour: Panorama, Mineral Pools & Petrified Waterfalls

August 1, 2016

Hierve de Agua

If you’ve been waiting to visit the natural salt terraces at Pamukkale but feel the country of Turkey is still too dangerous, there’s an alternative you may not have heard about. Hierve el Agua in Oaxaca, Mexico is a similar, but an off-the-beaten-path gem. And not only will you find the mineral pools, but also dramatic petrified waterfalls on a Hierve el Agua tour.

If you’re staying in Oaxaca City, Hierve el Agua is an easy drive.

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The Mineral Pools at Hierve el Agua

mineral pools

Photo by Cantimplora Travel

The name “Hierve el Agua” means “the water boils.” The mineral springs bubble warm water (71° to 80° F) up from fissures in the earth and release oxygen into the crystal clear cliff-top pools, which range in color from bright turquoise to emerald green to yellow-green, depending on weather and mineral content.

petrified waterfalls

Photo by Cantimplora Travel

The dramatic, natural petrified waterfalls are two of only a few in the world. Over thousands of years, the mineral-laden water spilled slowly over the cliff. In much the same manner as how stalactites are formed in caves, the cascading water calcified, created an illusion that the falling water is frozen.

Hierve de Agua

Photo by Cantimplora Travel

The water from the springs is captured into two pools where visitors can swim. The upper pool has a solitary petrified tree giving the landscape a surreal look. If the water is not too high, there’s a ridge where you can cautiously walk around the edge of the pool.

Hierve de Agua

Photo by Cantimplora Travel

The lower pool has an infinity edge that flows over the cliff edge. The minerals turn the water shades of green, yellow, and turquoise, which together with the drop-off and Sierra Madres on the horizon create one of the most dramatic cliff-top vistas in all of Oaxaca.

mineral pools

Photo by Cantimplora Travel

The natural platform at the top of the cliff (called “casada chica”) where both pools are located is called “the “Amphitheatre.” This cliff rises around 165 feet above the valley floor.

mineral pools

Photo by Cantimplora Travel

Quite surprisingly, in spite of “the water boils” moniker, the water is chilly but refreshing. Contrasting the hot Mexican sun, the cool green pools are like an oasis rising out of the surrounding desert. As if that’s not enticing enough to make you leap right in, the mineral water is reputed to be beneficial for the skin and have healing qualities.

Hiking is a must to get from one area to another within the complex. How far and how much you want to see is up to you, your fitness level, and which of the numerous trails you want to take.

It’s a short, easy hike down to the mineral pools and stunning vista. A good many tourists stay here, soaking up the sun, the minerals, and the views.

Petrified Waterfalls at Hierve el Agua

Hierve de Agua

Photo by Cantimplora Travel

A bit more hiking will take you to a spot where you can see and feel tepid water bubbling out of the rocks, as well as your first glimpse of the second and larger petrified waterfall, the “cascada grande.” While the hike thus far has been easy and mostly downhill, keep in mind the hike back to the pools is entirely uphill and more difficult, especially in the blazing sun and hot, dry climate, so don’t forget to wear a UPF sun-protective hat and bring a filtered water bottle in your daypack.

Hierve de Agua

Photo by Cantimplora Travel

You can easily grab a local guide if you’d like to take a longer hike from the cascada chica to the cascada grande, the larger waterfall. When you get to the base you’ll have a closer view of the mineral formations and panoramic views of the towering petrified falls from a lower perspective. The cascada grande is 295 feet above the valley floor and more vertical, but does not have mineral pools on its shelf.

Hierve de Agua

Photo by Cantimplora Travel

It takes about an hour via the main trail that leads down the side of the mountain. Be warned, though… don’t let the short travel time fool you. It’s steep and there are a lot of loose rocks on the way down. The way back is entirely uphill and you’ll be rock climbing – all with the blazing Mexican sun bearing down on you. Appropriate footwear, a hat, and an adaquate water supply are an absolute must, or you’ll be miserable…or worse.

Hierve de Agua

Photo by Cantimplora Travel

After spending time hiking, swimming in the pools, and absorbing the amazing scenery, a short walk back to the top of the site brings you a rustic but attractive area with stands selling food, drink, and local handicrafts and an open-air area restaurant. For refreshment, the local favorite is a carved out pineapple filled back up with the chopped up fruit and rum and dusted with chili powder.

The Controversy

Note: there is just a tad of controversy surrounding Hierve el Agua. For many years, this landmass was in a tug-of-war between two indigenous communities, each of which claimed the right to profits from the site. It got so bad that the entrance to the waterfalls was closed to the public from 2005 to 2007. An agreement to the land dispute was eventually reached, and now the two towns share the entrance fees earned from the site.

A day at Hierve el Agua is a memorable experience – I was totally entranced with the diversity of natural beauty clustered in one location. Indeed, it was my very favorite experience in the entire State of Oaxaca. But it’s not easy to find or get to. The site is in an isolated region with rough terrain. The area is desert and dry, with the only water source coming from the springs from the rock formations.

The Photographers

I highly recommend that you consider a curated tour group, like Cantimplora Travel, which also provides a personal photographer on all their eco-friendly adventure tours at no extra charge. Samantha and Bernie who run Cantimplora are very friendly and fun; they are Mexican citizens and understand the local culture and history, as well as where to find off-the-beaten-path adventures like Hierve de Agua. Not only will they be your guides, but they will also become your friends. And 10% of Cantimplora’s profit goes to help local businesses, giving travelers the opportunity to give back to the places they visit and encourage responsible travel.

The Future of Hierve el Agua

The Mexican Government recently decided that it wants to promote this area, so I’d recommend you do a Hierve el Agua tour sooner rather than later, while it’s still pristine and without unmanageable crowds. It’s one of the most unique and visually impacting destinations in all of Mexico.

Other Things to Do in Oaxaca

Click on the image below so you can find Hierve el Agua tours again!

hierve el agua

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About the Author

Patti MorrowPatti Morrow is a freelance travel writer and founder of the award-winning international blog Luggage and Lipstick and southern travel blog Gone to Carolinas. TripAdvisor called her one of “20 Baby Boomer Travel Bloggers Having More Fun Than Millennials.”  Patti is the author of the book “Girls Go Solo: Tips for Women Traveling Alone,” and has over 150 bylines in 40 print and online publications, including The Huffington Post, International Living Magazine, Washington Post Sunday Travel, Travel Girl, Travel Play Live Magazine, and Ladies Home Journal.  She has traveled six continents looking for fabulous places and adventure activities for her Baby Boomer (and Gen X!) tribe.

Disclosure: The author was honored to be the guest of Cantimplora Travel during her stay in Oaxaca, but as always, the opinions, reviews, and experiences are her own.


  1. Comment by alison abbott

    alison abbott Reply August 1, 2016 at 9:11 am

    I had no idea such an area even existed in Oaxaca. I can only imagine how hot it must have been hiking to the pools, but obviously so worth while once you got there! Almost otherworldly.

    • Comment by luggageandlipstick

      luggageandlipstick Reply August 1, 2016 at 11:30 am

      I really enjoyed traveling throughout the whole state of Oaxaca with Cantimplora Travel, but Hierve de Agua was definitely my favorite. I loved that there was the extreme beauty, but also the chance to experience it personally through hiking and swimming in the mineral pools.

  2. Comment by Janice Chung

    Janice Chung Reply August 1, 2016 at 12:26 pm

    A friend of mine visited Oaxaca last year and loved it. I had no idea that Hierve de Agua existed but I LOVE the infinity pool! Hiking would be fun too…..and be rewarded with that delicious looking pineapple!

    • Comment by luggageandlipstick

      luggageandlipstick Reply August 1, 2016 at 12:28 pm

      There’s so much variety of activities in Oaxaca, Janice! The mineral pools in Hierve de Agua were my favorite, but there were also a lot of close seconds!

  3. Comment by Donna Janke

    Donna Janke Reply August 1, 2016 at 5:32 pm

    Hierve de Agua looks absolutely beautiful. I can see why it is one of your favourite spots in Mexico. I didn’t know there was anything like this in Oaxaca.

    • Comment by luggageandlipstick

      luggageandlipstick Reply August 1, 2016 at 10:49 pm

      It’s stunning, Donna. I highly recommend it; in fact, I would love to return!

  4. Comment by Marcelle

    Marcelle Reply August 2, 2016 at 3:29 pm

    I love the personal pictures which makes it such a special trip! I’ve never heard of Hierve de Agua in Oaxaca in Mexico but I’d certainly consider to visit.

    • Comment by luggageandlipstick

      luggageandlipstick Reply August 2, 2016 at 4:50 pm

      I’d never heard of Hierve el Agua before either, Marcelle. Cantimplora Travel is wonderful at finding special, off-the-beaten-path adventures!

  5. Comment by jane canapini

    jane canapini Reply August 3, 2016 at 9:40 am

    How cool! I, too, have had Pemukkale on my list for years, and had no idea that Mexico had its own version. And it look like it’s less congested than Turkey’s (although maybe not right at the moment! 😉

    • Comment by luggageandlipstick

      luggageandlipstick Reply August 3, 2016 at 9:43 am

      That’s exactly what I thought, too, Jane! I’ve been wanting to go to Pemukkale but not right now, so when Cantimplora Travel took us to Hierve el Agua, I felt like I’d won the cosmic lottery! It was gorgeous!

  6. Comment by Elizabeth T

    Elizabeth T Reply August 16, 2016 at 10:18 am

    I will be in Oaxaca starting next Monday. I am the traveling companion to an elderly man. Are any parts of Hierve El Agua accessible with a wheelchair? I mean for viewing the formations or even getting near the pools. Thanks for your article!

    • Comment by luggageandlipstick

      luggageandlipstick Reply August 16, 2016 at 2:32 pm

      Hi Elizabeth — unfortunately not. Even to get to the pools is a hike downhill, pretty steep at parts, lots of loose rocks and some boulders to climb over. So sorry! I hope you might get to see it on your own if you get some free time.

  7. Pingback: Eight Oaxaca Must See Destinations in Mexico

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